• Lux

Ideas from Nature, Round 2

30 organisms that emerged from your BCI session / location: Minneapolis, MN

  1. Butterfly wings - using light interacting structures to produce color (https://asknature.org/strategy/wing-scales-cause-light-to-diffract-and-interfere/)

  2. Self-cleaning butterfly wings - area wind texture of morpho butterfly shed water and dirt through hydronic microstructure (https://asknature.org/strategy/wing-surface-self-cleans )

  3. Flowers accommodate short growing season - by forming buds in late summer and developing them beneath the snow in winter (https://asknature.org/strategy/flowers-accommodate-short-growing-season/)

  4. Skin protects from fungal pathogens - Pumpkin skin helps protect them from fungal pathogens using unique anti-fungal proteins (https://asknature.org/strategy/skin-protects-from-fungal-pathogens/ )

  5. Leaves resist crosswise tearing - due to their composite characteristics (https://asknature.org/strategy/leaves-resist-crosswise-tearing/ )

  6. Roots stabilize trees against wind - by forming both large anchoring taproots and a widespread lateral root system (https://asknature.org/strategy/roots-stabilize-trees-against-wind/ )

  7. Leaves resist gravitational loading - through its internal anisotropic structure: liquid filled cells along the bottom resist compression, and , along the top, long cells with lengthwise fibers resist tension. (https://asknature.org/strategy/leaves-resist-gravitational-loading/ )

  8. Roses capture fog - having a narrow form allows roses to use fog as a source of moisture to grow (https://asknature.org/strategy/rosettes-capture-fog/ )

  9. Bees sensitivity to sweetness aids in food selection - by selecting only natural sugars rejecting substitutes (https://asknature.org/strategy/sensitivity-to-sweetness-aids-in-food-selection/ )

  10. Bees maintain temperature - through counter-current heat exchange and a heat shunting mechanism. (https://asknature.org/strategy/mechanisms-help-thermoregulation/)

  11. Squirrels sharp claws help them move quickly and increase vertical agility - by giving strategic points of attachment while other body structures shift direction (https://asknature.org/strategy/sharp-claws-increase-vertical-agility/ )

  12. High intelligence in birds - the DVR brain region of birds displays similar neuronal organization and connectivity to the mammalian neocortex (https://asknature.org/strategy/bird-brains-use-unique-structure-to-support-high-intelligence/ )

  13. Birds feet stay put - due to the rough bumper skin on their soles (https://asknature.org/strategy/feet-stay-put/ )

  14. Ducks and movement in water - the webbed foot of a duck reduces dras when folded as the foot is brought forward, and provides power when stretched taut and pushed against the water on a backward stroke (https://asknature.org/strategy/feet-reduce-drag-provide-power/ )

  15. Ferns absorbing water - the spored of one fern are launched from the sporangium using a mechanism based on surface tension and evaporation (https://asknature.org/strategy/surface-tension-flings-spores/ )

  16. Plant stems move air - dead stems of phragmites australis move air to shoot and root meristems by use of differential air pressure (https://asknature.org/strategy/stems-move-air/ )

  17. Cell structure absorb - non-polar regions of cells in ryegrass remove relatively large quantities of toxic, oily industrial pollutants from the environment by absorbing them through root and distributing them in cell walls and sequestered vacuoles (https://asknature.org/strategy/cell-structures-absorb-and-store-pollutants/ )

  18. Water lily roots get oxygen - lilies transport oxygen to the plants’ roots in swapu bottoms using long tubes that run down their stems (https://asknature.org/strategy/underwater-roots-get-oxygen/ )

  19. Roots attach firmly - to surfaces using a multi step attachment strategy involving glue and shape - changing root hairs (https://asknature.org/strategy/roots-attach-firmly/ )

  20. Roots and bacteria - The roots of maize defend against phytopathogens by releasing a pesticide that also attracts a beneficial microbe that preys on the target pest (https://asknature.org/strategy/roots-recruit-symbiotic-soil-bacteria/ )

  21. Root grafting increases . enhances growth - roots of jack pines distribute limited resources by forming underground connections between tress (https://asknature.org/strategy/root-grafting-enhances-growth/ )

  22. Plant structures gather sunlight evenly - light harvesting antenna of plants allow for very quantum efficient capture by high pigment density and long excited-state lifetime design (https://asknature.org/strategy/antenna-structure-efficiently-gathers-light/ )

  23. Water pressure directs surface to sunlight - light intensity concentrates hormones that alter the water level in cells causing the plants to bend towards the light source (https://asknature.org/strategy/flowers-follow-sun/ )

  24. Maximizing sunlight - leaves of plants maximize exposure to sun to maximize photosynthesis by moving throughout the day (https://asknature.org/strategy/leaves-maximize-sun-exposure/)

  25. Moving water between trees - The 2 types of organisms (fungi) help each other survive - they are symbiotic. Fungi help plants to uptake soil nutrients in exchange for sugars produced by the plants (https://asknature.org/strategy/mycorrhizal-fungi-distribute-water-between-plants/ )

  26. Seed dispersion - similar to a tornado spinning maple seed provides a construct life to force, allowing seeds to disperse over a greater area (https://asknature.org/strategy/tornado-like-spinning-increases-seed-dispersion/ )

  27. Water content releases seeds - the seed capsules of wild petunias spring open explosively when they reach a certain degrees of dryness (https://asknature.org/strategy/lower-water-content-releases-seeds/)

  28. Areas of grass are weed free - the fungus gardens grown by leaf-cutter ants are kept free of unwanted fungi and bacteria using multiple antimicrobial compounds concurrently (https://asknature.org/strategy/fungal-gardens-kept-free-of-weeds/ )

  29. Compounds control weed - rots of fine - leaf fescue help them outcompete other plants because they release growth - inhibiting chemicals that mimic nutrients (https://asknature.org/strategy/compounds-control-weeds/ )

  30. Soil and diversity - a diverse community of organism interact to break down and recycled chemicals to maintain soil fertility (https://asknature.org/strategy/diverse-community-lives-in-soil/)